A new paper by Katariina Salmela-Aro just published in European Journal of Developmental Psychology examines school burnout and engagement in Finnish context. Check it out: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1207517
School burnout is defined as exhaustion, cynicism and inadequacy as a student, whereas engagement can be conceptualized as study-related vigor, absorption and dedication. School burnout is increasing, particularly among students on an academic track, while at the end of elementary school almost half of the students no longer find school meaningful. School burnout and engagement were investigated by applying the demand-resource and stage-environment models. The results show that high school demands lead to burnout, while
personal and school resources lead to school engagement. Burnout from school context can also spillover to later depression, drop out and internet addiction, and engagement to overall satisfaction with life and success in educational pathways. In line with the stage-environment fit theory, educational transitions play a role in changes in school burnout trajectories. Adoption of a person-oriented approach revealed several different burnout-engagement profiles, including a profile in which students are at the same time both exhausted and engaged. The social context of peers, immigrant status, parents and teachers also play an important role in engagement and burnout.
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